Kd's e-pathsala Inclusive Education Difference between Sex and Gender

Difference between Sex and Gender

Concept of Sex

Sex refers to a set of biological attributes in humans and animals. Sex is usually categorized as female or male. It is universal and mostly unchanging, without surgery. sex is the biological makeup of male and female people. it is what we are born with and does not change over time nor differs from place to place.


Concept of Gender

Gender refers to the socially constructed roles, behaviours, expressions and identities of girls, women, boys, men, and gender diverse people. It influences how people perceive themselves and each other, how they act and interact, and the distribution of power and resources in society. Gender is the range of characteristics pertaining to, and differentiating between, masculinity and femininity. 


Difference Between Sex and Gender

The World Health Organisation summarises the difference between sex and gender in the following way:

  • Sex refers to the different biological and physiological characteristics of males and females, such as reproductive organs, chromosomes, hormones, etc.
  • Gender refers to “the socially constructed characteristics of women and men – such as norms, roles and relationships of and between groups of women and men. It varies from society to society and can be changed.”




Biological characteristics (including genetics, anatomy and physiology) that generally define humans as female or male.  Socially constructed set of roles and responsibilities associated with being girl and boy or women and men, and in some cultures a third or other gender
Born with. Not born with.
Natural Learned
Can not be changed, except with medical treatment. Although deeply rooted, gender roles can be changed over time, since social values and norms are not static.
Sex has two main categories: male and female. Gender has two main categories: masculine and feminine.