Kd's e-pathsala Introduction to Education The Role of Libraries in Education

The Role of Libraries in Education

Education can be defined as the process of acquiring knowledge or habit through instruction or study. Education is the process of bringing desirable change in the behaviour of human beings. The behavioural changes must be directed towards a desirable end.

There should also be changes in Knowledge, attitude, skills and understanding. With the growing need of society, education has converted to many shapes such as adult, child, Physical, health, Technical education and so on. The common types of Education are worth mentioning below those are Formal Education, Non formal education and Informal Education. Formal Education is that type of education in which the learner is involved in institution activities which are based on hierarchical structured grading, uniform subjects and required full-time and leads to some Certificates, Degree or Diploma etc.

Non Formal Education is a learner oriented and life environment. The learners are free hand and built on learner participation. This type of education is flexible and doesn’t have the level of curriculum and syllabus. This form of education is dependent on an expert and qualified teacher. It depends on the skill and capacity of the individual. Some examples of non formal education are swimming class, sports program and seminars etc. In the Informal education process the individual is learning from his daily experiences and environment where an individual is working. This type of education is a lifelong process and people can learn from the experiences of other individuals. Some examples are how to deal with complex situations at home or outside.

What is a library? The American Library Association defines the library as a collection of resources in a variety of formats being organized by the experts or information professionals to provide access, convenient to the digital as well as to the physical information to targeted services and achieve the mission of educational needs by promoting society as a whole.There are various Types of libraries such as academic, public, school and Special Libraries. 


1. Academic librariesare considered all those libraries which serve the university, colleges and its affiliated organizations and provide services to their students, faculty and staff members. All larger institutions have their own libraries on their campuses which are specially serving the various schools and departments inside the institute some of the examples are health sciences, law and humanities libraries. There are many other academic libraries which have faculty status and conduct research in their area of knowledge. Such libraries are run by professional librarians and experts in their field.

2. Public libraries Consider that type of library which serves the communities of all sizes and types without a creed and caste. The main mission of the Public library is to serve contemporary society and the general masses of the community from cradle to grave. Public libraries are further divided into various sections such as youth, teens and adults.

3. A school library Is considered as that type of library which serves the community, at school from kindergarten to grade 12. This type of library is affiliated with the school and helps the students and teachers in their academic goal. This library can be run by a librarian having a certificate course or diploma in library science.

4. Special librariesAre considered that type of library which serves a special community in their research activities and provides services in specialized environments of interest. These libraries are mainly connected with special organizations like hospitals, corporations, museums, military institutes, Think tanks, private business, etc. Some examples of special libraries are Institute of Strategic Studies Islamabad and Parliamentary Library services etc.



Role of Library in Education : 

  • Libraries are considered as a hub of research and information and its role can never be denied by educating the masses. The basic role of Libraries is: helping new students to get ready for new learning, providing information without the constraints about social, cultural and economic impediment, helping students to get the desired information in the least possible time, providing information on an equal basis without constraints geographically.
  • There are some other roles of libraries which are being played in the education and lifelong learning process. Libraries provide leadership and expertise by using information and its affiliation technology, which plays a role in the teaching and learning process. The libraries provide equal opportunity for all readers regarding information and ideas which are affiliated with some educational institutes as well as public libraries unimpeded by culture, caste, creed and social constraints.
  • Libraries play an important role in the achievement of students at their academic level in the lifelong learning process of the individual; the role of Libraries cannot be denied. Libraries provide a lifelong learning process for the community members and assist them in their difficult task/ Assignment.
  • A library’s role is always shaped by the institutions like schools, colleges and other professional and non-professional organizations, the needs of which it services. The concept is gaining ground that libraries must match their objectives, and therefore, both libraries and their librarians must involve conscientiously in the exercise to improve their contribution to the education cause with more serious insight into development resulting from scrupulous planning.
  • The interesting fact that comes out in this analogy is that, while the library plays the enviable part of the knowledge source and its dissemination and protects knowledge and its storage, education cannot exist on its own without a library support, and a library is redundant if it cannot pass on education.
  • A good library is like a solid rock on which people build their base for self-advancement and works for the general good of the community as a whole, and the nation in its entirety.

Advantages of studying in the library :

1. Libraries are perfect spaces for study, since they allow you to have all the necessary material on hand.

2. Studying in a library allows you to get out of the rut and into your comfort zone. Being surrounded by other people who are also studying, you will concentrate more and you will be more predisposed to learning.

3. While there are no standards in your home, libraries can not talk, eat, drink or leave the table for a long time. All these prohibitions make much more study.

4. Public libraries allow you to study accompanied by other friends or colleagues, who can help you solve any questions at a specific time.

5. The breaks in the library are very effective and helpful, since we do not disconnect by checking the cell phone or lying on the sofa, we go outside, talk, eat and drink fresh air.